Ferruginous Hawk

Hawks are a group of medium-sized falconiform birds belonging to the family of Accipitridae. With more than 200 species across the globe, hawks are famous prey birds with a short, hooked beak, sharp claws, and very good eyesight. They have many techniques of foraging but the most typical in their pursuit of prey is raking, or swiftly following the animal’s efforts to escape. Hawks are widely distributed all over the world and come in all shapes and sizes, live in all sorts of habitats, and even eat widely different foods ranging from insects to reptiles to mammals. However, these Woodland birds are not harmful birds but they destroy poultry and smaller birds in search of their prey. Hawks are known for their sharp vision and hunting skills, so this article will introduce the top 10 types of hawks in the world.

Types of hawks

1.Broad-winged Hawk

Broad-winged Hawk is small compact raptors with Chunky bodies and large reddish-brown heads. Belonging to the genus of Buteo, Broad-winged Hawk hunt the small animals from perchers underneath the forest canopy. They have a piercing hooting whistle on a single pitch and spends much of their time in the forest underneath the canopy. Also, these are migratory birds who soar along a coastline and mountain ridges in very large flocks.

Broad-winged Hawk
Broad-winged Hawk

2.Cooper’s Hawk

Feeding mostly on birds and small mammals, Cooper’s Hawk is medium-sized Hawks with relatively short rounded wings and rounded tails. Cooper’s Hawk is one of the three species of accipiters that are found in North America. Also, Cooper’s Hawk is Woodland hawks that prey mainly on birds and are one of the most agile forest-nesting raptors. this raptor is a cunning Predator and one of the most difficult birds of prey to identify. Cooper’s Hawk is commonly found in forest areas and also in yards and suburban areas.

Cooper’s Hawk
Cooper’s Hawk

3.Harris Hawk

Formerly known as a bay-winged hawk or dusky hawk, Harris Hawk are large and lanky raptors with fairly long legs and long tails. These are common names found in sparse Woodland and semi-desert and marshes including mangrove swamps. Harris hawks are Brown overall with red chestnut, yellow long legs and yellow markings on its face. These are non-migratory, social birds of North America that nest and hunt together in a team. However, it is important to note that the population of harris hawk is declining continuously due to habitat loss.

Harris Hawk
Harris Hawk

4.Red-shouldered Hawk

Listed as an endangered species, the Red-shouldered Hawk is one of the most distinctively marked common hawks. These are non-migratory birds wheeling over a swamp forest aur whistling plaintively from a riverine park. These are medium-sized birds with broad rounded wings and tails. Adult hawks are mostly dark with white checkered wings and warm reddish barring on the breast. Red-shouldered Hawk is commonly found in deciduous woodlands, often near rivers and swamps and build their nests in the main crotch of a large tree.

Red-shouldered Hawk
Red-shouldered Hawk

5.Rough-legged Buzzard

Belonging to the family of Buteos, Rough-legged Buzzard is a large bird with broad wings and a long tail. This bird of prey is commonly found in the Arctic and sub-Arctic regions of North America, Europe and Russia. They are named so because the “Rough-legged” actually refers to the feathered legs all the way to the toes. Rough-legged Buzzard is a migratory bird whose nests are typically located on cliffs, bluffs or in trees. They basically hunt over open land and feed primarily on small mammals.

Rough-legged Buzzard
Rough-legged Buzzard

6.Red-tailed Hawk

Red-tailed Hawk is commonly found throughout most of America, Alaska and northern Canada. This bird of prey is relatively large in size with very broad, rounded wings and a short, wide tail. It is one of the most commonly seen hawks in North America. These are found in a wide range of habitats including deserts, grasslands, coniferous and deciduous forest agricultural fields and even in urban areas. Also, they are most often Predators of small mammals such as rodents, birds, reptiles, fish, amphibians and invertebrates.

Red-tailed Hawk
Red-tailed Hawk

Image Source: Wikimedia

7.Sharp-shinned Hawk

Sharp-shinned Hawk is a small long-tailed Hawk with short rounded wings and has small heads. The tail is square-tipped and demonstrates a notch at the tip. However, it is interesting to note that female hawks are considerably larger than male hawks. Also, these are agile fliers that typically perch on songbirds and capture most of their prey from cover or while flying quickly
through dense vegetation. Moreover, Sharp-shinned Hawks are migratory birds finding their habitat in the deep forests.

Sharp-shinned Hawk
Sharp-shinned Hawk

Image Source: Wikimedia

8.Ferruginous Hawk

Ferruginous meaning rust-coloured, Ferruginous Hawks are reddish-black and legs of light-morph birds. These are large Buteo hawks with large heads and relatively long narrow wings(forming more pointed tips). It is important to know that this bird of prey is the largest Hawk in the world. Also, ferruginous Hawk is often mistaken for an eagle due to its size, proportions and behaviour. They are endemic to North America and live in open, arid grasslands, prairies and shrub-steppe countries.

Ferruginous Hawk
Ferruginous Hawk

9.Common Black Hawk

Common Black hawks are inhabitants of the tropical Americas that reaches the United States in Southern Arizona and New Mexico. This bird of prey is aptly named as it is entirely Black Hawk with broad wings, a short tail and with a distinct white band and a white tip. these birds are commonly found in lowland areas, mangrove swamps, estuaries and dry open Woodland. Also, these raptors specifically feed on crabs, crayfish and other aquatic food.

Also Read: Top 10 Long Neck Animals In The World

Common Black Hawk
Common Black Hawk

Image Source: Wikimedia

10.Swainson’s Hawk

Named after William Swainson, a British naturalist, Swainson’s hawks are popularly known as grasshopper Hawk or locust hawk. This is so because they are very fond of Acrididae and eat insects voraciously whenever available. These are beautiful raptors with elegant grey, white and brown bodies. Swainson’s Hawks are 18 to 22 inches in length and a wingspan of four feet. Also, this gregarious bird species feed mostly on small mammals and reptiles, insects, etc. It is a migratory bird and travels in large flocks sometimes numbering in the thousands. It is one of the most beautiful types of hawks in the world.

Swainson's Hawk
Swainson’s Hawk

Image Source: Wikimedia

These are the 10 types of hawks in the world. Kindly share and do post your comments.

By Amreen Fatima

Amreen fatima is a Nature lover and has taken nature writing hobbyist for years. She also loves feeding and photographing animals of all types.

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